Artificial intelligence in orthodontics: Part 1

Artificial intelligence is now firmly established in society. Whether we are searching on Google (Mountain View, CA, USA,) being guided by recommendation algorithms or using facial recognition or smart home software, artificial intelligence is a daily presence in our lives, and in almost all areas: business, science, medicine, and increasingly in orthodontics. What is artificial intelligence, what does it encompass, what can it already do in orthodontics and where is it taking us in the discipline?