Invisalign treatment of patients with craniomandibular disorders
The temporomandibular joint is one of the most complex joint systems in the human body. Craniomandibular disorders (CMD) are a common condition in which symptoms and signs may vary within a single individual and from one person to another. As anatomic and functional aspects of the craniomandibular system (CMS) and the upper cervical spine are closely interconnected, CMD need a close interdisciplinary approach combining orthopedics, manual medicine, orthodontics and dentistry. […]
Schupp, W. – Haubrich, J. – Neumann, I.
Inter Orthod 2010 Sep;(8)3 S. 253-267